The region that has been the last to benefit from tourism has been in the south of the country. It has always received visitors as it is home to the historical sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum, but its extreme location on the far edge of the country has made it difficult for visitors to reach.
The region is the poorest area of Italy and the recent growth in the numbers of tourists arriving in the area has provided a welcome boost to the local economy. The development and growth of the commercial airlines has been particularly welcomed by residents of the region as now people can get into the area far quicker than they were able to do so before.
The advantage of the southern part of the country is that it has some of the best beaches in Italy with the hottest weather. The vast coastline has many harbors and there are vast quantities of fish that are caught every day. The fresh Mediterranean cuisine can be enjoyed at a low cost and there are a wide variety of cheap eateries in the region.
The largest city in the area is Naples. The city has a busy port which has ferry routes to other parts of Italy, Europe and the surrounding Islands. The city has a rich culture and it has a population of nearly a million inhabitants.
The city has many galleries and museums but it is perhaps best known for its cuisine and being home to the Pizza. The pizza is the food of the poor and it first emerged in the city with many of the pizzas, such as the Neapolitan and the Margherita being associated with the region.
Food tourists are also attracted by the wines that are produced in the region. The agriculture of the region is typically Mediterranean in style and the summer droughts are perfect for ripening the grapes. This has helped to produce vintage wines from the area.
Many people who visit Naples do so in order to visit the archaeological sites at Pompeii and Herculaneum. Both of these cities were buried under the ash and lava erupting from Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. After excavation the cities were preserved enabling archaeologists to find out about their ways of life.
The sites attract 2.5 million visitors each year who are fascinated by the story of how a European volcano was able to cause such mass destruction. These tourist sites are often attended by educational visitors from schools and universities.
Many visitors whom travel to the south of the country head towards the Amalfi coast. This is home to a spectacular scenery of mountainous landscapes reaching the sea. One of the most famous settlements is Atrani which has a population of just over 800 people.
The town occupies an area of only 0.12 square kilometers which makes it the smallest community, by area, in the whole of the country. The sheer sides of the surrounding cliffs make it impossible to find anywhere else to build. Its beauty is enhanced by the fact that the buildings have remained untouched over time. It has been used many times on both television and film sets, and it attracts many tourists who visits the numerous traditional churches and villas.
The furthest southern region is Calabria which sees tourist arrive all year round. The region has high land in the centre and despite its southerly location it receives regular snowfall which has enabled it to create winter sports facilities in the three National Parks of Sila, Pollino and Aspromonte.
Most summer visitors head to the area between the capital city Catanzaro and Soverato. This is home to the major beaches of the region attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. There are many interesting buildings and structures also in the area that attract tourists.
For visitors looking for a cheaper holiday there is no better destination than southern Italy.