Rome is one of the biggest tourist attractions in the world. The opportunity to investigate an earlier civilization that has been so well preserved in its numerous buildings and structures, has proved to be simply irresistible, as millions of visitors each year are attracted to its world-famous sites.
The magic of the city is further enhanced by having a separate nation within it. The location of Vatican City, the home of the Roman Catholic Church, acts as a nodal point as huge numbers of followers regularly attend the services that are broadcast from within St Peters Square.
As a destination, few in the world offer a more cultural experience with the country’s history being clearly reflected with the assortment of different structures that remain. As well as these magnificent buildings telling a story of how life was many centuries ago, they are also home to fantastic pieces of art and architecture.
There is no better example of this than the Colosseum which receives around 4 million visitors every year. At its peak, this oval shaped structure could hold between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators who would come to watch a great variety of events that took place in the arena.
The amphitheater was most well-known for its gladiatorial contests with fights being between men and the beasts that had been captured by Roman soldiers as they went on crusades around their vast empire. Despite being damaged by stone robbers and earthquakes over the years, it still portrays a stunning picture overlooking the Rome skyline.
The Pope and the Roman Catholic Church is responsible for large numbers of tourists arriving in the city. Home for the Pope is the Apostolic Palace which is found in Vatican City which is an independent state that occupies 44 hectares in the centre of Rome. Within the palace is the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums that are visited by plenty of tourists.
However, there are other areas that are not open to visitors, such as the offices of the Catholic Church and the private apartments of the Pope. The Sistine Chapel is particularly popular as a result of its roof having been painted with “The Last Judgement” by Michelangelo, which took over 4 years to complete.
St Peters Basilica is the largest church in the world and history claims that it is the burial site for St Peter. The church overlooks St Peters Square and the Pope regularly preaches to massive crowds of up to 80,000 people throughout the year.
The whole city of Rome is home to many major tourist attractions and it has more monuments than any other city in the world. One of its major attractions is the Spanish Steps, which link the Bourbon Spanish Embassy with the Holy See which is located below. The 135 steps enable tourists to visit the Fontanna della Barcaccia at the bottom. This site was made famous by Gregory Peck and Audrey Hepburn in the 1953 film “Roman Holiday”, and many of the city’s major tourist attractions have come to the attention of the world as a result of the films that are regularly shot there.