The centre of Italy has been the region where tourism has been occurring for the longest period. It is the largest region and boasts some famous tourist regions and cities. When people visit a certain area of the country they will often add to their itinerary a couple of days in the middle of the country to visit interesting places and sites.
Rome is in the heart of the region and boasts the remaining landscapes of the Roman Empire. It is home to some of the world’s most famous landmarks, such as the Coliseum, The Pantheon and Trajan’s Column. The city today has a population of 2.8 million people and many people are employed in the tourist industry.
The city is the third most visited in the European Union with 4.2 million visitors a year. As well as the remnants of the empire being popular there are other reasons why people want to visit Rome. Vatican City is situated in the heart of Rome and its status as being the home of the Roman Catholic Church sees millions of pilgrims visiting each year.
Rome is also a city that has many museums and art galleries. It has its own unique culture with the music and cuisine of the region being popular attractions for visitors. Rome is one of the most famous historical cities in the world and its popularity with visitors reflects this.
One of the most famous landscapes in Europe is found in the region of Tuscany. Renowned for its beauty many people who have visited the region have fallen so much in love with the area that they have decided to stay there and remain permanently.
The most important city of the region is Florence which has a population of just over 380,000 people. It was the home to the Italian Renaissance which refers to a period of history between the 14th and 17th centuries.
It was during this time that the middle ages moved to modern times. The discovery of Greek classical philosophy paved the way to intellectual thinking. The rediscovery and learning of Latin was also important during this period.
There were major changes in art, literature, music, science and education. Florence was the centre for these discoveries and changes and the city reflects this with its architecture that stands today. The city attracts many visitors who arrive just to view the beauty of it.
It is also home to many museums and art gallery that are full of paintings and artefacts from the renaissance period. Its history has had an impact on its economy today, with the city benefiting both from tourism and also from being home to the Italian fashion industry.
Another famous city in Tuscany is Pisa which is famed for its leaning tower. The city has a population of 91,000 residents and it is located on the coast of the Ligurian Sea. It is a historical city with many museums and galleries. The tourists flock to see the famous leaning tower, whose tilt is explained by its unstable foundations.
The only region in Italy not to have a coastline or a border with other countries is Umbria. It is a mountainous region and is well known for its natural beauty. Its remoteness has created its own special culture which is reflected by the cuisine, music and art of the region.
The capital city of the region is Perugia and it reflects the areas culture. The city is home to many museums and galleries that are well visited by tourists who want to experience the region’s culture. The stillness and natural beauty of the region saw many artists during the renaissance period make Umbria their home and many paintings have been made of the area.
Today the city is a popular place Italians to live as they are attracted by its natural beauty.